Hearing impairment or deafness is the difficult for hearing sounds; this condition can have multiple causes and require medical or surgical treatments.
Deafness can have different degrees depending on the severity of it from mild to profound and cofosis (impossibility for hearing).
In our center we have surgical treatments for all treatable causes of deafness:
- Middle Ear Surgery: Repairs of middle ear ossicles whether through synthetic implants or with own tissues.
- Implantable devices: These are bone implanted devices for hearing aid, can be placed at the bone which contain the ear structures (temporal bone) or at the level of the middle ear.
- Cochlear Implants: Power tool that is implanted in the inner ear to achieve a hear recovery after a profound hearing loss.
Vertigo is an illusory sense of rotation of the body or the surrounding objects. This condition is due to abnormalities in the posterior inner ear in high percentage of cases (labyrinth and nerves).
This alteration may occur acutely or chronically and persistently. Of the latter there are cases that require surgery on the inner ear to improve this condition:
- Pharmacological infiltrations in tympanic cavity: administration of different drugs through the eardrum to obtain its effect on the inner ear where they arrive by diffusion.
- Endolymphatic sac surgery: consists of decompressing the endolymphatic sac structure to try to reduce the fluid pressure in the posterior labyrinth that appears in Meniere’s disease.
- Vestibular neurectomy: consists of sectioning the nerve that controls the stability keeping the hearing nerve to improve chronic vertigo in patients with preserved hearing.
- Surgical labyrinthectomy: involves removing the posterior labyrinth in patients with chronic vertigo and hearing loss.